Аум Синрикё

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Аум Синрикё

Учение истины Аум

Религиозная секта, основана Сёко Асахарой в 1987. Асахара ставил задачу захватить власть сначала в Японии, затем во всем мире. Структура организации включала «министерства» и «секретариат», которые должны были стать основой будущего государства. В 1989 секта была официально зарегистрирована японскими властями, в 1990 приняла участие в местных выборах. В секту привлекались люди состоятельные, которые могли пожертвовать значительные средства, но сами они, как правило, оставались на периферии организации. Ядро Аум составляли молодые талантливые ученые, организаторы. Специалисты, которых привлек Асахара, создали несколько центров по производству химического и бактериологического оружия. Для проверки эффективности изготовленного зарина была проведена химическая атака в Мацумото. В последующем для распыления ядовитых веществ предполагалось использовать беспилотные самолеты. На нояб. 1995 АС планировала проведение широкомасштабной операции по уничтожению людей, однако к нач. 1995 привлекла внимание полиции (на организацию пало подозрение в совершении убийств). Чтобы отвлечь внимание, АС проводит химическую атаку 20.3.1995 на шести линиях метро в Токио и Иокогаме (погибло 10 человек, 4700 отравлено). Эта акция стала причиной разоблачения деятельности секты и ареста большинства ее руководителей. В мае 1995 Асахара был арестован. В окт. 1995 правительственным решением деятельность организация была прекращена. К марту 1995 АС объединяла 9 тыс. последователей в Японии и 40 тыс. в мире. Отделения секты находились в Австралии, России, Германии, на Украине, Тайване, Шри-Ланке, в Югославии и США. После разоблачения область деятельности и масштабы АС были сокращены. На свободе остаются несколько руководителей секты, вина которых не была доказана.

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